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Macular Disease Foundation Australia's Research Grants Program Open For Applications PDF
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Australian News
Friday, 27 March 2015

Macular Disease Foundation Australia’s Research Grants Program is due to open its third round of applications

Grants are open to researchers based in eligible Australian institutions to pursue research into medical, social, low vision, and nutritional research of macular degeneration.

The grants are awarded following rigorous evaluation, based largely on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) process, along with international peer review, to ensure that the successful applicants meet the highest standards.

Macular Disease Foundation Australia Research Grants Program was launched in 2011 to fulfil the Foundation’s objective to support research to reduce the incidence and impact of macular degeneration, and ultimately to find a cure. Since the program launch, over $1.5 million has been committed to world leading Australian researchers.

Researchers wishing to apply are asked to check the website www.mdfoundation.com.au. For further information call 1800 111 709.

 
Salvatore Ferragamo Extends License Agreement with Marchon Eyewear PDF
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Companies
Thursday, 26 March 2015

Salvatore Ferragamo S.p.A., the parent company of the Salvatore Ferragamo Group and one of the leading players in the global luxury industry, has announced that it has agreed to a five-year extension to its worldwide licensing agreement for the design, distribution, marketing and sale of "Salvatore Ferragamo" branded sunglasses and optical frames for men and women with Marchon Eyewear, Inc., one of the leading companies in the eyewear sector.

The licensing agreement, which first went into effect on January 1, 2012, will now run until December 2021.

Produced exclusively in Italy, the Salvatore Ferragamo eyewear collections are the perfect interpretation of the brand's history, heritage and style. The collections are distributed all over the world in Salvatore Ferragamo mono-brand boutiques and in leading stores and specialist opticians.

 
Charmant Group Unveils New Collection "Dolce" PDF
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Product News
Wednesday, 25 March 2015

Charmant Line Art - Dolce CollectionThe Charmant Group has unveiled a brand new collection "Dolce" from its signature brand “LineArt CHARMANT.” As the collection name Dolce indicates, the new styles have been designed for the independent, self-confident women who would like to express the sweet and tender side of their personality.

The Dolce collection embraces and enhances the wearer's femininity from every angle. With praise and respect for every woman, this collection consists of only streamline temple and is three dimensionally designed. Twin Excellent Titan filaments, forming a heart-shape on the hinge and elegantly flowing along to the end-tip, produce just a touch of romantic atmosphere.

Since Dolce is used as a musical term, the collection also conveys the sweetness and tenderness of the wearer. This unprecedented and delicate design as well as assured stability is achieved by Charmant's craftsmanship and innovative technology such as unparalleled pressing and state-of-the-art laser micro welding.

Like other collections, Dolce guarantees the same light flexibility and perfect fit, owing to Excellence Titan, Charmant's exclusive material.

The Excellence Titan material represents the next generation of eyewear and is the latest results of Charmant Group's continuing and dedicated research and development work. Absolutely nickel-free, with outstanding processability and special memory functions that help eyewear maintain the original shape; it is an ideal material for eyewear that provides both unlimited design possibilities and superior wearing comfort. The Charmant Group's product line made of Excellence Titan offers amazing lightness, a gentle touch with hardly any pressure felt, while at the same time making an ultramodern fashion statement.

New innovative adaptive nose pads are introduced from this collection in order to provide further comfort. Once the wearer starts to use the eyewear, the pad gradually changes its shape along the curve of the wearer’s nose. The technology is called adaptive effect, and reacts to body temperature that enables a personalized fit. After a certain period of time (normally 2 weeks to 1 month), the ability to change gradually wears off and the pad thereafter keeps the adapted shape. The pad is expected to disperse pressure on the nose and enables a stable and comfortable wear. The material of the pad is biocompatibility and is used in the medical industry.

 
Guidelines Developed to Protect Local Eye Banks PDF
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Australian News
Tuesday, 24 March 2015

Thousands of people are needlessly blind because they live in a country where they have no access to donated corneal tissue. Every day, surgeons in these communities face the challenge of securing the corneas needed to save sight from eye banks elsewhere – often in places like Australia or New Zealand.

To help ensure that eye banks in Australia and New Zealand are better prepared to answer such calls for help, a few weeks ago the Eye Bank Association of Australia and New Zealand (EBAANZ) ratified its first-ever Bioethical Framework at its annual meeting in Perth.

"In recent years eye banks in Australia and New Zealand have received increasing approaches from colleagues in other countries for humanitarian services,” Heather Marchin, one of the authors, explained. "We realised that we needed to work out who we will support and why, and how we will respond to such requests. The Framework will now help guide those decisions as we work together to support waiting recipients overseas. Importantly, it will also ensure that those waiting for transplants within our own countries remain our first priority."

Australia and New Zealand have highly professional and regulated eye donation services designed to take account of the needs of donors, their families, and the recipients. Tissue is cared for in a specialised manner to ensure safety. The new Bioethics Framework will ensure these services remain at a high standard and are not compromised under pressure from growing international demand.

"We are launching this Framework at a time when there is growing global awareness of the importance of ethics in relation to human transplantation. In working up our Framework, we were inspired by our peers in the organ donation sector who have developed the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, and we have had encouragement for this work from the World Health Organization," she continued.

The Framework, which was jointly drafted by Heather and bioethicist Dr Dominique Martin from the University of Melbourne's Centre for Health Equity, has now been ratified by eye banks in Brisbane, Sydney, Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne and Auckland.

It sets out strategies for caring for donors and their wishes; ethical collaborations and interactions with the local, national and global eye care communities and governments; the need for policy and training; how, where and why tissue will be shared; and how we can support our global colleagues through humanitarian services while ensuring Australia and New Zealand recipients remain a priority. 

 
Moral Decisions Can Be Influenced By Eye Tracking PDF
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Ophthalmology and Optometry
Monday, 23 March 2015

Eye TrackingOur opinions are affected by what our eyes are focusing on in the same instant we make moral decisions. Researchers at Lund University and other institutions have managed to influence people's responses to questions such as "is murder defensible?" by tracking their eye movements. When the participants had looked at a randomly pre-selected response long enough, they were asked for an immediate answer. Fifty-eight per cent chose that answer as their moral position.

The study shows that our moral decisions can be influenced by what we are looking at when we make the decision. Using a new experimental method, the researchers tracked participants' eye movements and demanded an answer when their eye rested on a randomly pre-selected answer.

The researchers, from the Division of Cognitive Science at Lund University, University College London (UCL) and the University of California, Merced, studied in real time how people deliberate with themselves in difficult moral dilemmas. The participants had no idea that the researchers were carefully monitoring how their gaze moved in order to demand an answer at the right moment. The results showed that the responses were systematically influenced by what the eye saw at the moment an answer was demanded.

"In this study we have seen that timing has a strong influence on the moral choices we make. The processes that lead to a moral decision are reflected in our gaze. However, what our eyes rest on when a decision is taken also affects our choice", explained Philip Pärnamets, cognitive scientist at Lund University and one of the authors of the study.

The study is the first to demonstrate a connection between gaze and moral choices, but it is based on previous studies which have shown that for simpler choices, such as choosing between two dishes on a menu, our eye movements say what we will eat for dinner before we have really decided.

"What is new is that we have demonstrated that if eye movements are tracked moment by moment, it is possible to track the person's decision-making process and steer it in a pre-determined direction", said Petter Johansson, a reader in cognitive science at Lund University.

The thought process needed to reach a moral position is thus interlinked with the process of viewing the world.

"Today, all sorts of sensors are built into mobile phones, and they can even track your eye movements", said Daniel Richardson, director of the Eye Think Lab at UCL. "By documenting small changes in our behaviour, our mobiles could help us reach a decision in a way that has not been possible before."

 
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